A Beginner's Guide To Hot Tub Maintenance

Jul 28, 2022
Maintenance Tools


Welcome to Big Grill Shop's comprehensive beginner's guide to hot tub maintenance. If you've recently purchased a hot tub or are considering getting one, it's essential to understand the proper maintenance procedures to ensure its longevity and your enjoyment. In this guide, we will walk you through all the necessary steps and tips to maintain your hot tub to perfection.

Why Hot Tub Maintenance Matters

Proper hot tub maintenance is crucial to keep the water safe, clean, and inviting. Neglecting maintenance can result in various issues, such as bacterial growth, algae formation, chemical imbalances, clogged filters, and reduced performance. Regular maintenance ensures that your hot tub functions optimally and provides you with a relaxing and enjoyable experience every time you use it.

Gathering the Essential Tools

Before starting your hot tub maintenance routine, it's important to have the necessary tools readily available. Here are some tools you should consider having:

  • pH test strips or a water testing kit
  • Sanitizing chemicals (chlorine or bromine)
  • Alkalinity and pH balancers
  • Filter cleaner
  • Scrub brush or sponge
  • Tub cover and cleaning supplies

Cleaning the Hot Tub

Regular cleaning is essential to prevent the buildup of dirt, oils, and other contaminants. Follow these steps to clean your hot tub:

  1. Drain the hot tub completely.
  2. Remove and clean the filter according to the manufacturer's instructions.
  3. Thoroughly clean the tub's interior using a mild non-abrasive cleaner and a scrub brush or sponge.
  4. Remove any scum or scale buildup around the waterline using a specially designed cleaner.
  5. Rinse the tub thoroughly to remove any traces of cleaning products.

Balancing Water Chemistry

Properly balancing the water chemistry is crucial for maintaining a clean and safe hot tub. Here are the key parameters to monitor and adjust:

pH Levels

The pH level indicates the acidity or alkalinity of the water. The ideal pH range for hot tubs is between 7.2 and 7.8. Use pH test strips or a digital tester to measure the pH level and adjust it accordingly using pH increasers or decreasers.


Sanitizing your hot tub is essential to kill bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms. Chlorine and bromine are commonly used sanitizers. Maintain a proper sanitizer level within the recommended range (consult the manufacturer's instructions or a water specialist).


Alkalinity acts as a buffer for the pH level, preventing it from fluctuating too much. The recommended alkalinity range is typically between 80 and 120 ppm (parts per million). Adjust the alkalinity level using specialized alkalinity increasers or decreasers.

Filter Maintenance

Regularly cleaning and maintaining your hot tub filter ensures efficient water circulation and helps keep the water clean. Here's how to take care of your filter:

  1. Refer to the manufacturer's instructions for removing and cleaning the filter.
  2. Rinse the filter with a hose to remove any debris and dirt.
  3. Soak the filter in a filter cleaner solution to remove trapped oils and contaminants.
  4. Rinse the filter thoroughly and allow it to dry before reinstalling it.

Additional Tips for Hot Tub Maintenance

Here are some additional tips to help you maintain your hot tub:

  • Regularly check and adjust the water level to ensure it covers the skimmer intake.
  • Keep the hot tub covered when not in use to prevent debris from falling in.
  • Regularly inspect the hot tub cover for any damage and replace it if needed.
  • Monitor water temperature and adjust accordingly to your preferences.
  • Consider using a hot tub shock treatment to eliminate contaminants and maintain water clarity.


Congratulations! You are now equipped with the knowledge needed to properly maintain your hot tub. By following the tips and guidelines provided in this beginner's guide, you can ensure a clean, safe, and enjoyable hot tub experience for years to come. Remember, regular maintenance is key to preserving the performance and longevity of your hot tub. Take care of your investment, and it will reward you with countless moments of relaxation and pleasure.